Undo a merge/rebase
Have you merged the wrong branch into your branch? or maybe you rebased your branch on the main branch but something went wrong during the process? Don’t worry! You can undo a merge/rebase process fairly easily.
Before doing a dangerous operation, like merging or rebasing, Git saves your previous
HEAD location in a special
ORIG_HEAD. This way you can always go back to where
HEAD was before you started the operation.
Let’s say I have a branch called
feature_1. I have accidentally merged the wrong branch into it. Instead of merging
main, I merged
develop to it (commit
af735d2). I would like to undo this operation.
* af735d2 (HEAD -> feature_1) Merge branch 'develop' into feature_1 |\ | * db7d7a6 (develop) add login button | * 2f0ae72 (main) add test fixtures * | 2d487f5 create user profile page |/ * 2f591bd fix bug #1 * 290fc8b add db config file
Before I did the merge, Git saved the value of the previous HEAD location to the
ORIG_HEAD variable. In this case,
To remove the last commit I can instruct Git to reset to the location of
ORIG_HEAD like this:
(feature_1)$ git reset --hard ORIG_HEAD
Now my commit tree is clean, and I am back to where I was before the wrong merge. Notice that the merge commit is removed:
* db7d7a6 (develop) add login button * 2f0ae72 (main) add test fixtures | * 2d487f5 (HEAD -> feature_1) create user profile page |/ * 2f591bd fix bug #1 * 290fc8b add db config file
You can use the same command for undoing a rebase.